|the V&A website)|
|The earliest complete extant constitution (1545) of the Papal Choir outlines the duties, privileges, and code of behavior for members. It offers detailed rules for their daily personal and professional life and the fines levied for lateness and absence . The beautiful illuminated full-page opening miniature portrays Pope Paul III presenting the constitution to the master of the papal chapel, with the singers of the chapel kneeling behind him.|
This collection of hymns and Magnificats by Costanzo Festa (ca. 1480-1545), an Italian who served as a singer in the papal choir from 1517 until his death in 1545, is prominently displayed among the illuminated manuscripts in the Library exhibition. A holding from the Sistine Chapel it is the earliest folio by a single composer in the collection. Festa was born in Piedmonte and prior to joining the Sistine Chapel choir had studied and worked in France and in Firenze. He was strongly influenced by his travels and he brought that influence with him into music of the time.
|The opening of the polyphonic Advent hymn Conditor alme siderum (Creator of the Stars of Night) by Festa. The exact date of composition of this piece to the 7th century text is unknown but the compiled manuscript dates from 1538-1539|
De'Bonfratelli decorated the pages with a red ribbon marginalia adorned with celtic knots worked in gold leaf. The part indications are fancifully set out as enamel plaques attached to the page by trompe d'oiel ribbons.
11 febbraio - San Benedetto di Aniano