|A Sarum missal created for Florence Chichele Darell circa|
1418 and now in the collection at SMU. A left click will
take you to a larger view and a short history of the missal.
The Sarum rite was more ritualistic than the Roman rite and certainly more elaborate in its ceremonies and its use of music. Music - plainsong and polyphony - were central to the form of worship. Many parts of the Offices and Mass were sung: collects, antiphons, canticles, psalms and responsories as well as prayers, litanies, invocations and at Festal masses even the consecration. The ability to sing was much valued in a priest or for that matter in a parishioner - even when he was Lord Chancellor Sir Thomas More sang in his Chelsea parish choir at Evensong. More than one wealthy patron saw to that his local church had the monies to employ "an able priest, and in especiall a syngynge man yf he may be gotten"*.
The rite disappeared under Edward but was re-instituted when Mary came to the throne. It was during this brief five year period that Shepperd wrote many of his most complex masses and motets. I was unable to find a date for this Lenten motet which Christopher Hossfeld used as inspiration for the conclusion of his In Pace premiered by the Cantata Singers last week but it is possible that it was written during his time at Magdelen College.
|In Pace||In Peace|
|In pace, in idipsum dormiam et requiescam. |
Si dedero somnum oculis meis,
et palpebris meis dormitationem,
dormiam et requiescam.
Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto.
|In peace and into the same I shall sleep and rest.
If I give slumber to my eyes
and to my eyelids drowsiness,
I shall sleep and rest.
Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit.
The first line is from Psalm 4:9, and the second two lines are from Psalm 132:4, both in the Vulgate version.With the advent of Elizabeth the Sarum rite disappeared from use however it's influence can be seen in the Book of Common Prayer and also in the musical tradition of the Anglican Church. The rite also strongly influenced the founders of the Oxford Movement and many of the practices within the Anglo-Catholic church can trace their roots to the traditions instituted by St Osmund.
*From a bequest in the will of John Lang of Lincolnshire in 1516. He also requested that the priest be able in plainsong at the least but suggested that someone also skilled in "pricksong" or polyphony was preferable.
November 12 - 1439: Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.